9-1/4 d. English money. - Halk.
 Only 6 deg. 45' S. - E.
 Mr Clarke explains this as _long pepper_; but besides that this by no
means answers the descriptive name in the text, long pepper certainly
is the production of the East Indies. The article here indicated was
probably one of the many species, or varieties of the Capsicum; called
Guinea pepper, Cayenne pepper, Bird pepper, and various other names.
 In the original this is called the country of Prester or Presbyter
John. We have formerly, in the _First_ Part of this work, had occasion
to notice the strange idea of a Christian prince and priest, who was
supposed to have ruled among the pagan nations of eastern Tartary.
Driven from this false notion, by a more thorough knowledge of Asia,
the European nations fondly transferred the title of Prester John to
the half Christian prince or Negus of the semi-barbarous Abyssinians.
_Summary of Discoveries made by the Spaniards and Portuguese, from the Era
of Columbus, in 1492, to the year 1555_.
In the year 1492, when Don Ferdinand king of Castile was engaged in
the siege of Granada, he sent _one_ Christopher Columbus, a Genoese, with
three ships, for the discovery of Nova Spagna. This Columbus had first
offered his service lot a western discovery to John king of Portugal, who
refused to employ him. Being sufficiently furnished for his enterprize,
Columbus set out from the town of Palos on the third of August 1492,
having with him, as captains and pilots, Martin Alionzo Pinzon, Francis
Martinez Pinzori, Vincent Yannes Pinzon, and Bartholomew Columbus his
brother with an hundred and twenty other persons in the three ships.
Some persons affirm, that this was the first voyage which was ever
conducted by the observation of latitudes. They took the Canaries in
their way, whence shaping their course for Cipango, or towards Japan,
they were much amazed to find the sea all full of weeds, and with great
fear arrived at the Antilles on the tenth day of October; the first
island they descried, called Guanahany by the natives, they named San