At The Solstitium Of Winter, That There Is No Day (That Is To Say, No Time,
Wherein The Sunne Is Seene Aboue The Horizon) We Confesse To Be True Onely
In That Angle Of Island (If There Be Any Such Angle) Where The Pole Is
Eleuated Full 67.
But at Holen (which is the bishops seat for the
North part of Island, and lieth in a most deepe valley) the latitude is
about 65. degrees and 44. minutes, as I am enformed by the reuerend father,
Gudbrand, bishop of that place: and yet there, the shortest day in all the
yere is at least two houres long, and in South-Island longer, as it
appeareth by the tables of Mathematicians. [Sidenote: Island is not within
the circle arctic.] Heerehence it is manifest, first that Island is not
situate beyond the arctic circle: [Footnote: This is true, except for the
very small portion of Iceland round about Cape North.] secondly, that in
Island there are not wanting in Summer solstitium many nights, nor in
Winter solstitium many dayes.
[Sidenote: Musterus Saxo.] Nomen habet a glacie qua illi perpetuo ad Boream
adheret Item. A latere Occidentali Noruagia Insula, qua Glacialis
dicitur, magno circumfusa Oceano repentur, obsoleta admodum habitationis
tellus, &c. Item, Hac est Thyle, nulli veterum non celebrata.
Nomen habet a glacie) Tria nomina consequenter sortita est Islandia.
[Sidenote: Snelandia.] Nam qui omnium primus eius inuentor fuisse creditur
Naddocus genere Noruagus, cum versus insulas Farenses nauigaret tempestate
valida, ad littora Islandia Orientalis forte appulit:
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