Letters From High Latitudes By Lord Dufferin















































































 -   A few years later, Jonas Poole - having been
sent in the same direction, instead of prosecuting any
discoveries, wisely set - Page 200
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A Few Years Later, Jonas Poole - Having Been Sent In The Same Direction, Instead Of Prosecuting Any Discoveries, Wisely Set Himself To Killing The Sea-Horses That Frequent The Arctic Ice-Fields, And In Lieu Of Tidings Of New Lands - Brought Back A Valuable Cargo Of Walrus Tusks.

In 1615, Fotherby started with the intention of renewing the attempt to sail across the north pole, but after encountering many dangers he also was forced to return.

It was during the course of his homeward voyage that he fell in with the island of Jan Mayen. Soon afterwards, the discovery by Hudson and Davis, of the seas and straits to which they have given their names, diverted the attention of the public from all thoughts of a north-east passage, and the Spitzbergen waters were only frequented by ships engaged in the fisheries. The gradual disappearance of the whale, and the discovery of more profitable fishing stations on the west coast of Greenland, subsequently abolished the sole attraction for human being which this inhospitable region ever possessed, and of late years, I understand, the Spitzbergen seas have remained as lonely and unvisited as they were before the first adventurer invaded their solitude.

Twice only, since the time of Fotherby, has any attempt been made to reach the pole on a north-east course. In 1773, Captain Phipps, afterwards Lord Mulgrave, sailed in the "Carcass" towards Spitzbergen, but he never reached a higher latitude than 81 degrees. It was in this expedition that Nelson made his first voyage, and had that famous encounter with the bear.

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