A. IVANOV, Zur Kenntniss der Hsi-hsia Sprache (Bul. Ac. Sc.
Pet., 1909, pp. 1221-1233). See The Si-hia Language, by B. LAUFER
(T'oung Pao, March, 1916, pp. 1-126).
XLVI., p. 226. "Originally the Tartars dwelt in the north on the borders
Prof. Pelliot calls my attention that Ramusio's text, f. 13 v, has:
"Essi habitauano nelle parti di Tramontana, cioe in Giorza, e Bargu,
doue sono molte pianure grandi ..."
XLVI., p. 230.
"Mr. Rockhill is quite correct in his Turkish and Chinese dates for the
first use of the word Tatar, but it seems very likely that the much
older eponymous word T'atun refers to the same people. The Toba History
says that in A.D. 258 the chieftain of that Tartar Tribe (not yet arrived
at imperial dignity) at a public durbar read a homily to various chiefs,
pointing out to them the mistake made by the Hiung-nu (Early Turks) and
'T'a-tun fellows' (Early Mongols) in raiding his frontiers. If we go back
still further, we find the After Han History speaking of the 'Middle
T'atun'; and a scholion tells us not to pronounce the final 'n.' If we
pursue our inquiry yet further back, we find that T'ah-tun was
originally the name of a Sien-pi or Wu-hwan (apparently Mongol) Prince,
who tried to secure the shen-yue ship for himself, and that it gradually
became (1) a title, (2) and the name of a tribal division (see also the
Wei Chi and the Early Han History). Both Sien-pi and Wu-hwan are
the names of mountain haunts, and at this very day part of the Russian
Liao-tung railway is styled the 'Sien-pi railway' by the native Chinese
newspapers." (E.H. PARKER, Asiatic Quart.