That State Basis, As
Opposed To A Basis Of Population In The Upper House Of Congress, Has
Been The One Great Political Weapon, Both Of Offense And Defense, In
The Hands Of The Democratic Party.
And yet I am not prepared to
deny that great wisdom was shown in the framing of the constitution
of the Senate.
It was the object of none of the politicians then at
work to create a code of rules for the entire governance of a single
nation such as is England or France. Nor, had any American
politician of the time so desired, would he have had reasonable hope
of success. A federal union of separate sovereign States was the
necessity, as it was also the desire, of all those who were
concerned in the American policy of the day; and I think it way be
understood and maintained that no such federal union would have been
just, or could have been accepted by the smaller States, which did
not in some direct way recognize their equality with the larger
States. It is moreover to be observed, that in this, as in all
matters, the claims of the minority were treated with indulgence.
No ordinance of the Constitution is made in a niggardly spirit. It
would seem as though they who met together to do the work had been
actuated by no desire for selfish preponderance or individual
influence. No ambition to bind close by words which shall be
exacting as well as exact is apparent.
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