Travels In Morocco - Volume 2 of 2 - By James Richardson



















































 - TRAVELS IN MOROCCO,

BY THE LATE JAMES RICHARDSON,

AUTHOR OF A MISSION TO CENTRAL AFRICA,
TRAVELS IN THE DESERT OF - Page 1
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TRAVELS IN MOROCCO,

BY THE LATE JAMES RICHARDSON,

AUTHOR OF "A MISSION TO CENTRAL AFRICA," "TRAVELS IN THE DESERT OF SAHARA," &C.

EDITED BY HIS WIDOW.

IN TWO VOLUMES.

VOL. II.

CONTENTS OF THE SECOND VOLUME.

CHAPTER I.

The Mogador Jewesses. - Disputes between the Jew and the Moor. - Melancholy Scenes. - The Jews of the Atlas. - Their Religion. - Beautiful Women. - The Four Wives. - Statues discovered. - Discrepancy of age of married people. - Young and frail fair ones. - Superstition respecting Salt. - White Brandy. - Ludicrous Anecdote.

CHAPTER II.

The Maroquine dynasties. - Family of the Shereefian Monarchs. - Personal appearances and character of Muley Abd Errahman. - Refutation of the charge of human sacrifices against the Moorish Princes. - Genealogy of the reigning dynasty of Morocco. - The tyraufc Yezeed, (half Irish). - Muley Suleiman, the "The Shereeff of Shereefs." - Diplomatic relations of the Emperor of Morocco with European Powers. - Muley Ismael enamoured with the French Princess de Conti. - Rival diplomacy of France and England near the Maroquine Court. - Mr. Hay's correspondence with this Court on the Slave-trade. - Treaties between Great Britain and Morocco; how defective and requiring amendment. - Unwritten engagements.

CHAPTER III.

The two different aspects by which the strength and resources of the Empire of Morocco may be viewed or estimated. - Native appellation of Morocco. - Geographical limits of this country. - Historical review of the inhabitants of North Africa, and the manner in which this region was successively peopled and conquered. - The distinct varieties of the human race, as found in Morocco. - Nature of the soil and climate of this country. - Derem, or the Atlas chain of mountains. - Natural products. - The Shebbel, or Barbary salmon; different characters of exports of the Northern and Southern provinces. - The Elaeonderron Argan. - Various trees and plants. - Mines. - The Sherb-Errech, or Desert-horse.

CHAPTER IV.

Division of Morocco into kingdoms or States, and zones or regions. - Description of the towns and cities on the Maroquine coasts of the Mediterranean and Atlantic waters. - The Zafarine Isles. - Melilla. - Alhucemas. - Penon de Velez. - Tegaza. - Provinces of Rif and Garet. - Tetouan. - Ceuta. - Arzila. - El Araish. - Mehedia. - Salee. - Rabat. - Fidallah. - Dar-el-Beidah. - Azamour. - Mazagran. - Saffee. - Waladia.

CHAPTER V.

Description of the Imperial Cities or Capitals of the Empire. - El-Kesar. - Mequinez. - Fez. - Morocco. - The province of Tafilett, the birth-place of the present dynasty of the Shereefs.

CHAPTER VI.

Description of the towns and cities of the Interior, and those of the Kingdom of Fez. - Seisouan. - Wazen. - Zawiat. - Muley Dris. - Sofru. - Dubdu. - Taza. - Oushdah. - Agla. - Nakbila. - Meshra. - Khaluf. - The Places distinguished in. Morocco, including Sous, Draka, and Tafilett. - Tefza. - Pitideb. - Ghuer. - Tyijet. - Bulawan. - Soubeit - Meramer. - El-Medina. - Tagodast. - Dimenet. - Aghmat. - Fronga. - Tedmest. - Tekonlet. - Tesegdelt. - Tagawost. - Tedsi Beneali. - Beni Sabih. - Tatta and Akka. - Mesah or Assah. - Talent. - Shtouka. - General observations on the statistics of population. - The Maroquine Sahara.

CHAPTER VII.

London Jew-boys. - Excursion to the Emperor's garden, and the Argan Forests. - Another interview with the Governor of Mogador on the Anti-Slavery Address. - Opinion of the Moors on the Abolition of Slavery.

CHAPTER VIII.

El-Jereed, the Country of Dates. - Its hard soil. - Salt Lake. Its vast extent. - Beautiful Palm-trees. - The Dates, a staple article of Food. - Some Account of the Date-Palm. - Made of Culture. - Delicious Beverage. - Tapping the Palm. - Meal formed from the Dates. - Baskets made of the Branches of the Tree. - Poetry of the Palm. - Its Irrigation. - Palm-Groves. - Collection of Tribute by the "Bey of the Camp."

CHAPTER IX.

Tour in the Jereed of Captain Balfour and Mr. Reade. - Sidi Mohammed. - Plain of Manouba. - Tunis. - Tfeefleeah. - The Bastinado. - Turkish Infantry. - Kairwan. - Sidi Amour Abeda. - Saints. - A French Spy - Administration of Justice. - The Bey's presents. - The Hobara. - Ghafsa. Hot streams containing Fish. - Snakes. - Incantation. - Moorish Village.

CHAPTER X.

Toser. - The Bey's Palace. - Blue Doves. - The town described. - Industry of the People. - Sheikh Tahid imprisoned and punished. - Leghorn. - The Boo-habeeba. - A Domestic Picture. - The Bey's Diversions. - The Bastinado. - Concealed Treasure. - Nefta. - The Two Saints. - Departure of Santa Maria. - Snake-charmers. - Wedyen. - Deer Stalking. - Splendid view of the Sahara. - Revolting Acts. - Qhortabah. - Ghafsa. - Byrlafee. - Mortality among the Camels - Aqueduct. - Remains of Udina. - Arrival at Tunis. - The Boab's Wives. - Curiosities. - Tribute Collected. - Author takes leave of the Governor of Mogador, and embarks for England. - Rough Weather. - Arrival in London.

APPENDIX.

TRAVELS IN MOROCCO.

CHAPTER I.

The Mogador Jewesses. - Disputes between the Jew and the Moor. - Melancholy Scenes. - The Jews of the Atlas. - Their Religion. - Beautiful Women. - The Four Wives. - Statues discovered. - Discrepancy of age of married people. - Young and frail fair ones. - Superstition respecting Salt. - White Brandy. - Ludicrous Anecdote.

Notwithstanding the imbecile prejudices of the native Barbary Jews, such of them who adopt European habits, or who mix with European merchants, are tolerably good members of society, always endeavouring to restrain their own peculiarities. The European Jewesses settled in Mogador, are indeed the belles of society, and attend all the balls (such as they are). The Jewess sooner forgets religious differences than the Jew, and I was told by a Christian lady, it would be a dangerous matter for a Christian gentleman to make an offer of marriage to a Mogador Jewess, unless in downright earnest; as it would be sure to be accepted.

Monsieur Delaport, Consul of France, was the first official person who brought prominently forward the native and other Jews into the European society of this place, and since then, these Jews have improved in their manners, and increased their respectability. The principal European Jews are from London, Gibraltar, and Marseilles. Many native Jews have attempted to wear European clothes; and a European hat, or coat, is now the rage among native Jewesses, who all aspire to get a husband wearing either. Such are elements of the progress of the Jewess population in this part of the world, and there is no doubt their position has been greatly ameliorated within the last half century, or since the time of Ali Bey, who thus describes their wretched condition in his days.

"Continual disputes arise between the Jew and the Moor; when the Jew is wrong, the Moor takes his own satisfaction, and if the Jew be right, he lodges a complaint with the judge, who always decides in favour of the Mussulman.

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